Witnessing canine seizures are scary especially if it's the first time you are seeing a dog seizure.
A seizure refers to the involuntary contraction of muscles.
The seizure is caused by an electrical storm in the brain. Seizures can be placed into two categories, generalized and partial.
In a generalized seizure, the electrical storm appears everywhere at once. In a partial seizure, the abnormal electrical impulses begin in a small area of the brain.
Generally, there are 3 types of canine seizures...
The cause of canine epilepsy can be anything that disrupts normal brain circuitry.
Referred to as primary epilepsy, idiopathic epilepsy means "no known cause" and possibly inherited.
Check history or pedigree and make sure your veterinarian has looked for possible underlying factors.
Dog seizures caused by underlying factors are referred to as secondary epilepsy.
Possible causes of secondary epilepsy include...
Medical treatment is generally recommended for animals that have one or more seizures per month.
Even though the rate of incidence is greater than once per month, animals may be treated who have cluster seizures or go into status epilepticus.
Successful drug therapy depends upon the owner's dedication to delivering the drug exactly as prescribed. There should be no changes in dose or type of medication without veterinary consultation.
Reckless drug administration or abrupt changes in medication is worse than no treatment at all. Haphazard drug treatment may cause status epilepticus.
Status epilepticus (SE) refers to a life threatening condition in which the brain is in a state of persistent seizure.
There is also talk that canine seizures may be a result of allergic conditions and some vets have had success in treating dogs for allergies and controlling the seizures.
There are many reasons why medical treatments can fail.
The biggest reason is the owner's lack of proper administration of the prescribed drug.
Here are a few other possible reasons...
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