Dog medications and compounding canine drugs.
Metronidazole is used to treat protozoal infections in cats and dogs.
It is also used to treat anaerobic bacterial infections.
Metronidazole has immune modulating activity and may be prescribed to treat inflammatory bowel disease.
Metronidazole may be used with corticosteroids in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, gum disease (gingivitis/stomatitis) in cats, tetanus, diarrhea of undetermined cause, pancreatic insufficiency (with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth), and complications of severe liver disease.
Topical metronidazole gel is used in the treatment of skin infections such as feline chin acne.
Metronidazole is usually tolerated better if given with food and there are a wide variety of flavors and preparations made by compounding pharmacies.
Potassium Bromide is often the drug choice for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy. Potassium Bromide is often chosen for dogs with liver damage because it doesn't have any effect on the liver.
The most common side effects of bromide therapy are sedation, ataxia (hind end weakness and loss of coordination), and increased urination. Increased urination, hunger and thirst are also common for dogs taking bromide alone or with Potassium Bromide.
A loss of mobility commonly results in dog arthritis pain.
Aspirin was the common medication but when aspirin was not effective there were other options for dog medications such as piroxicam.
As with other NSAIDs, piroxicam side effects include GI ulceration, prolonged bleeding, and potential for kidney insufficiency. This medication should not be used in patients where such conditions are pre-existing.
Humans taking this medication occasionally report ringing of the ears and headaches.
Lysodren is used for the treatment of Cushing's disease.
Lysodren is effective, yet it carries a great potential for serious side effects. If too much adrenal tissue is destroyed, a dog can be given permanent Addison's disease or hypoadrenocorticism, the opposite of Cushing's.
Owners should carefully monitor dogs taking lysodren and must respond to adverse reactions to the medication by stopping the lysodren and administering prednisone. Also, dogs on lysodren must receive periodic ACTH stimulation tests to monitor their blood cortisol levels.
Other side effects include lethargy, weakness, and vomiting.
Allopurinol helps to prevent the formation of bladder stones in dogs by inhibiting the production of uric acid.
Mild side effects include vomiting and diarrhea, anemia as a result of bone marrow suppression, blood in the urine, skin rash, and liver damage.
Allergic reactions such as facial swelling or hives are also rare but can occur.
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) is a synthetic estrogen.
DES is primarily used to treat urinary incontinence in spayed females. DES estrogens increase urethral tone and help to prevent leaking or dribbling of urine.
The most serious side effect of estrogen therapy is bone marrow suppression and toxicity that may progress to a fatal aplastic anemia.
Sporanox is commonly used to treat Blastomycosis (a fungal infection).
Blasto fungus develop in soil rich environments such as pond banks and lakeshores.
Blasto spores are released in the air by local wildlife, and are subsequently inhaled by a dog. Once in the lungs, Blasto spores become an infective organism and multiply rapidly. If a dog has a healthy immune system, the dog may be able to fight off the infection.
Blastomycosis in the dog causes poor appetite, swollen lymph nodes, draining sores, weight loss, blindness, coughing, fever, and bone lesions.
Gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying, is a disorder in which the stomach takes too long to empty its contents.
Gastroparesis occurs when the vagus nerve is damaged and the muscles of the stomach and intestines do not work normally.
Cisapride helps accelerate gastric emptying in dogs.
When a dog has one eye affected with glaucoma, you must be aware that a similar episode is likely to occur in the other eye. This could happen anywhere from 6 months to 2 years later. Preventive medical management may be called for in the good eye.
There are several different forms of medical management, including the use of several different types of eye drops which have different modes of action. Eyes drops usually either decrease the production of aqueous humor within the eye, increase the outflow, or both.
Amitriptiline is used in dogs and cats for psychodermatosis and treatment of compulsive behavioral disorders.
Amitriptiline is also used as an antipruritic (treating itchy skin).
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