Menopause reproductive system.
Menopause marks the time when a woman stops having a monthly menstrual period. All women go through menopause, usually between the ages of 40 and 55.
During menopause, women go through physical and mental changes.
Understanding these changes helps you know what to expect and how to cope with the changes.
Are you familiar with the signs of menopause and how to cope with them?
The female reproductive organs include
The female reproductive organs are located in the pelvis, between the urinary bladder and the rectum.
The ovaries are glands, with 2 main functions.
Estrogen and progesterone prepare the inner lining of the uterus in case a pregnancy takes place. These hormones also regulate when eggs are released.
When an egg is released, it goes down the fallopian tube and into the uterus, where it may or may not be fertilized by a sperm.
If fertilized, the egg becomes implanted in the uterus where the fetus grows.
If not fertilized, the egg and the inner lining of the uterus are discharged to the outside of the body through the cervix and the vagina during the menstrual period.
The menstrual cycle is usually 28 days. The levels of estrogen and progesterone increase before and after ovulation. If the egg is not fertilized, hormone levels decrease and menstruation begins.
Estrogen and progesterone are only 2 of the many hormones that control the menstrual cycle.
In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen keeps bones healthy. It may also affect cholesterol levels, keep skin and arteries more elastic, and help memory.
Menopause causes periods to become irregular and eventually stop.
Menopause occurs when the ovaries quit making hormones and releasing eggs.
When a woman is in her mid 30s, her ovaries begin to change the amount of estrogen and progesterone they make.
Although it is very rare for a woman to have menopause before the age of 40, it can happen anytime between the ages of 30 to the mid 50s or later.
Smokers often begin menopause earlier than non-smokers do.
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