Preventing osteoporosis involves such things as consuming your daily recommended amounts of vitamin D and calcium, engaging in regular weight-bearing exercise, talking to your healthcare provider about bone health, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol drinking, and when appropriate, have a bone density test and take medication.
You may not be able to change your height or the natural color of your hair, but you can change behavior that increases the risk of developing osteoporosis.
Smoking and osteoporosis
Smoking isn't just bad for your lungs, it's also bad for your bones.
Some studies have shown the following to be true...
One of the best preventive measures you can take for osteoporosis prevention is to never start smoking.
Most studies show that moderate alcohol can be good for your bones, while heavy alcohol consumption is bad.
How much is too much?
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services defines "moderate" as one drink per day for women and no more than two drinks a day for men.
A drink is about 12 ounces of beer or 5 ounces of wine.
Drinking is thought to increase bone density because alcohol can convert testosterone to estrogen after menopause. Also, alcohol may increase calcitonin, a hormone that inhibits bone resorption in menopausal women.
Alcohol can have many negative effects on your body...
Women older than 50 need at least 1,500 mg of calcium a day.
It's important to make sure you're not losing calcium. High protein consumption can increase the amount of calcium excreted in your urine.
Fruit and vegetables increase your potassium and magnesium intake, which builds more calcium stores and helps in preventing osteoporosis. If you consume high amounts of protein, be sure to eat enough vegetables to balance to maintain your calcium.
Too much salt can result in extra calcium loss.
Some studies indicate that drinking soda pop daily may result in lower bone density. Sodas that contain caffeine may also increase urine output, which can wash away minerals.
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